Published time: 30 April 2020
Authors: Goncalo Oliveira
Keywords: numerical simulations, waves, outbreak, asymptomatic carriers, refined compartmental models, sufficient, COVID-19
The goal of this article is to analyze some compartmental models specially designed to model the spread of a disease whose transmission has the same features as COVID-19. The major contributions of this article are: (1) Rigorously find sufficient conditions for the outbreak to only have one peak, i.e. for no second wave of infection to form; (2) Investigate the formation of other waves of infection when such conditions are not met; (3) Use numerical simulations to analyze the different roles asymptomatic carriers can have. We also argue that dividing the population into non-interacting groups leads to an effective reduction of the transmission rates. As in any compartmental model, the goal of this article is to provide qualitative understanding rather than exact quantitative predictions.
Refined compartmental models, asymptomatic carriers and COVID-19