SAN ANTONIO- A new study shows that the majority of children with COVID-19 in 26 countries fared well clinically compared to adults during the first four months of the pandemic.
The Long School of Medicine at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio researchers prepared the study. It was the largest systematic review to date of children and young adults with the coronavirus.
“Our data is compiled from 131 studies and encompasses 7,780 patients who span the pediatric age spectrum,” said study senior author Alvaro Moreira, MD, MSc, assistant professor of pediatrics at UT Health San Antonio and a fellowship-trained neonatologist.
The study was published in EClinicalMedicine, a journal of The Lancet, on June 26.
Some of the findings from the study show:
- 19% of the pediatric population with COVID-19 had no symptoms.
- 21% exhibited patchy lesions on lung X-rays.
- 5.6% suffered from co-infections, such as flu, on top of COVID-19.
- 3.3% were admitted to intensive care units.
- Seven deaths were reported.
The most frequent symptoms in children were fever and cough, found in 59 percent and 56 percent of the population.
In 233 patients, a past medical history was present, and 152 in this group were children with compromised immune systems or who had underlying respiratory or cardiac disease.
Kidney failure was seen in nine pediatric patients, liver failure also in nine and shock in 19. Mechanical ventilation was required by 42 patients.
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