Published time: 09 April 2020
Authors: Jennifer Lighter, MD, Michael Phillips, MD, Sarah Hochman, MD, Stephanie Sterling, MD, Diane Johnson, MD, Fritz Francois, MD, Anna Stachel, MPH
Keywords: coronavirus, COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, obesity
Risk factors for infectious disease severity are determined by the pathogen, host and environment. Covid-19 disease, caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection includes a spectrum of illness; from asymptomatic infection to severe pneumonia characterized by acute respiratory injury in about 20% of patients presenting to medical care. The risk factors associated with disease severity, included increased age, diabetes, immune suppression and organ failure. Recognition of risk factors for morbidity and mortality is important to determine prevention strategies as well as to target high-risk populations for potential therapeutics.
Obesity in patients younger than 60 years is a risk factor for Covid-19 hospital admission